Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography

June 10, 2010

#10.08 How do Clusters/Pipelines and Core/Periphery Structures Work Together in Knowledge Processes? Evidence from the European GNSS Technological Field

Filed under: 2010 — Tags: , , , , — Noegg Blogger @ 7:19 pm

Pierre -Alexandre Balland and Raphael Suire and Jerome Vicent

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Abstract: This paper contributes to the empirical identification of geographical and structural properties of innovative networks, focusing on the particular case of Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) at the European level. We show that knowledge bases of organizations and knowledge phases of the innovation process are the critical factors in determining the nature of the interplay between structural and geographical features of knowledge networks. Developing a database of R&D collaborative projects of the 5th and 6th European Framework Programs, we propose a methodology based on social network analysis. Its originality consists in starting from a bimodal network, in order to deduce two affiliation matrixes that allow us to study both the properties of the organization network and the properties of the project network. The results are discussed in the light of the mutual influence of the cognitive, structural and geographical dimensions on knowledge production and diffusion, and in the light of the knowledge drivers that give rise to the coexistence of a relational core-periphery structure with a geographical cluster and pipeline structure.

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