Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography

April 21, 2014

# 14.11 The Effect of Regional Entrepreneurship Culture on Economic Development – Evidence for Germany

Michael Fritsch and Michael Wyrwich


We use the historical self-employment rate as an indicator of a regional culture of entrepreneurship and link this measure to economic growth in recent periods. The results indicate that German regions with a high level of entrepreneurship in the mid-1920s have higher start-up rates about 80 years later. Furthermore, we find that the effect of current start-up activity on regional employment is significantly higher in regions with a pronounced entrepreneurial culture. We conclude that a regional culture of entrepreneurship is an important resource for regional growth.


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