Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography

April 6, 2018

# 18.15 A woman’s touch? Female migration and economic development in the United States

Filed under: 2018 — Tags: , , , , , — T.Broekel @ 7:10 pm

Viola von Berlepsch & Andrés Rodríguez-Pose & Neil Lee

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Abstract: Does the economic effect of immigrant women differ from that of immigrants in general? This paper examines if gender has influenced the short- and long-term economic impact of mass migration to the US, using Census microdata from 1880 and 1910. By means of ordinary least squares and instrumental variable estimations, the analysis shows that a greater concentration of immigrant women is significantly associated with lower levels of economic development in US counties. However, immigrant women also shaped economic development positively, albeit indirectly via their children. Communities with more children born to foreign mothers and that successfully managed to integrate female immigrants experienced greater economic growth than those dominated by children of foreign-born fathers or American-born parents.

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April 19, 2013

# 13.05 European migration, national origin and long-term economic development in the US

Filed under: 2013 — Tags: , , , , , , — mattehartog @ 12:49 pm

Andrés Rodríguez-Pose and Viola von Berlepsch

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Have Irish, German or Italian settlers arriving in the US at the turn of the 20th century left an institutional trace which determines economic development differences to this day? Does the national origin of migrants matter for long-term development? This paper explores whether the distinct geographical settlement patterns of European migrants according to national origin affected economic development across US counties. It uses micro-data from the 1880 and 1910 censuses in order to identify where migrants from different nationalities settled and then regresses these patterns on current levels of economic development, using both OLS and instrumental variable approaches. The analysis controls for a number of factors which would have determined both the attractiveness of different US counties at the time of migration, as well as current levels of development. The results indicate that while there is a strong and positive impact associated with overall migration, the national origin of migrants does not make a difference for the current levels of economic development of US counties.

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